Values ethics a lonergan Perspective & The Foundation of Philosophy

par Brian Cronin

Jeudi 10 octobre 2013, par stan // Ressources

Un remarquable ouvrage, thèse à connaître, avec les remerciements et compliments du comité d’Ethicpedia.

Note about the Author : Brian Cronin is an Irish Spiritan Missionary who has worked in East Africa since 1972. After pastoral work in Nairobi, he was appointed to teach Philosophy in Tanzania.

Télécharger Values ethics a lonergan Perspective par Brian Cronin

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Télécharger The Foundation of Philosophy

Introduction - extraits : [....] This text is an effort to extend the methods, procedures, style of that previous text to the field of knowledge of values. We use the word ’values’ freely nowadays, in everyday contexts, in economic affairs, in politics, in education, in cultural studies, in philosophy and religious studies. But it is difficult to define the notion, to pin it down, to show where values come from, to distinguish values from disvalues, to elaborate a justification for true value judgments. This text is about the subject asking questions about the worth of something ; sorting out evidence, examples, arguments, criteria, definitions, and so on, that are relevant to a solution ; putting it all in order ; and finally realizing what is the correct judgment of value. It is about all levels and types of value, but especially about moral values, the values of the best way to live, the actions that are right or wrong, the values by which we live our interpersonal lives. It is a text in value ethics : an attempt to give a coherent and correct account of how we know values, how we recognize our mistakes in the field of values and how we correct our mistakes. [....] This is not a book of rules, neither of commandments, nor of what specific actions should be done or not done. It is not a list of specific answers to concrete moral problems or dilemmas. It is in the field of meta-ethics, as it is called, and does not address specific examples except by way of illustration. We are concerned with the foundation of ethics, to identify the contrary pushes and pulls of desires and inclinations. Ethical rules appropriate to each area of human behaviour are desirable and necessary. We hope to show how such codes should be worked out, rather then detailing them ourselves. General moral norms can be identified fairly easily but specifying detailed conclusions in areas like business or medicine may require the participation of specialists. So we are rather weak on specific answers to concrete cases, but hope to elaborate a method for finding the answer to all cases, in every situation, for all possible subjects. [.... This is a book about self-appropriation of ourselves as moral persons. By selfappropriation we mean taking possession of ourselves, becoming explicitly aware of the activities and norms involved in moral judgments and decisions ; being aware of the factors making for true moral judgments and the factors hindering, and making it more difficult to reach true moral knowledge. [....]